Title : Sabah Timber Industry Master Plan
Dates : October 2019 – May 2021
Status : Completed Project
Client : Department of Industrial Development & Research (DIDR) – Sabah, Malaysia.
Description : GFS developed a comprehensive Master Plan to revitalise the forest and timber industries in Sabah, Malaysia. The Sabah Timber Industry master Plan was designed to provide direction to the State Government to address the needs of forest producers and downstream industry for long-term sustainability in relation to the Sabah Forest Policy 2018. The Master Plan was based on forest producer and downstream timber industry in respect to current and future resources of natural forests and plantations, the current status of the manufacturing industry and capacities, availability of quality raw material, diversification of product ranges, market requirements and values for both local and export sales. The Sabah Timber Industry Master Plan identified constraints and defined solutions to revive growth in the timber industry. The Master Plan incorporates scheduled Action Plan and a Road Map for increasing timber production through plantation development from smallholders and forest concessionaires, increasing value in timber products, developing sustainable timber supply, and address constraints due to government administration.
Title : Forest Carbon Services – project Scoping & Pre-Feasibility/Due Diligence
Dates : November 2020 – June 2021
Status : Completed Project
Client : Samling Strategic Corporation Sdn. Bhd. – Sarawak, Malaysia.
Description : Conducted an initial Project Scope Evaluation under Stage 1 of the GFS Forest Carbon Services to identify suitable FTL license areas for Improved Forest Management and LPF License areas for Avoided Deforestation and Planned Conversion. A key objective was to provide a fundamental estimate of the potential revenue that IFM/LPF licenses may receive based on the estimated land area available for a carbon project with basic assumptions of volumes translated to potential metric tons of CO2e stock that may provide carbon offset revenues. GFS & ATA Marie conducted a pre-feasibility/due diligence evaluation for Marudu (LPF/0008) based on requirements of the Verified Carbon Standards (VCS) for generation of saleable carbon units (VCUs: Verified Carbon Units) and CCB (Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards) to support “credibility” of the project managed under the Verra program now based in the USA. VCUs are fully accredited and traded carbon credits sourced from projects worldwide. The VCS/CCB standards is among the most widely used quality assurance systems for accounting for forestry GHG emissions reductions.
Title : Country Profile – Malaysia – ETTF
Dates : May 2020
Status : Completed Project
Client : FORM International – The Netherlands
Description : GFS supported the revision of the Country Profile for Malaysia for the EU Timber Trade federation Timber Trade Portal. The profile described in detail the regulatory system for forest management over Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah & Sarawak. The profile defined forest production areas and the timber trade industry in each region along with the status of Forest certification and Legality Due Diligence Systems in operation.
Title : Independent Monitoring of RIL & Sabah Timber Legality Standard Principles 1-6
Dates : January 2015 – December 2019
Status : Completed Project
Client : Sabah Forestry department – Sabah, Malaysia.
Description : GFS conducted independent monitoring for Reduced Impact Logging & Legal Compliance with the Sabah Timber Legality Standard P1-6 for all licensed forests, manufacturing, trade and export companies.  GFS conducted monthly field assessments to verify the compliance of forest management & operations to the Sabah TLAS Legal Standard (Principle 1-4). GFS also monitored Legal Compliance for all manufacturing, trade & export companies (Principle 5&6) and reduced Impact Logging (RIL) for current harvesting operations.
Title : Development of a Due Diligence System for timber and wood products in The Philippines (Phase II)
Dates : June 2018 – May 2019
Status : Completed Project
Client : CFIP (Chamber of Furniture Industries of The Philippines)/FAO-UN
Description : GFS supported the CFIP & PWPA to develop a Due Diligence System for The Philippines timber industry to demonstrate compliance to regulations that includes an independent auditing system to monitor compliance by the Timber Associations of The Philippines. The Due Diligence System sets out both a framework for The Philippines Industry & Trade to follow the Chain of Custody system in the form of procedures integrated with a formal monitoring procedure that the timber associations can manage check the implementation by its’ members. The Due Diligence System for the Philippine Timber Association consists of 3 main elements; Procedures for the Timber Associations to manage the system and Monitoring Protocols to monitor member compliance to the regulatory and Chain of Custody requirements.
Title : Forestry Support Program
Dates : April 2016 – March 2018
Status : Completed Project
Client : Asrama Raya Sdn. Bhd. (FSC-C135483) – Terengganu, Malaysia.
Description : GFS provided support for developing a forest management planning system for a 10,000 ha natural forest area (HS Petting) in Terengganu to meet the requirements for certification under the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Principles & Criteria. GFS supported Asrama raya to establish a long-term Forest Management Plan, assessments for HVC and social issues and formalised procedures for all key forestry operations (Reduced Impact logging) and associated activities.
Title : Economic Study of Deramakot Forest & FMU 17A
Dates : June – December 2014
Status : Completed Project
Client : Sabah Forestry Department – Sabah, Malaysia.
Description : The scope of this project was to evaluate the economic viability of Deramakot Forest based on principles of Sustainable Forest Management and provide a comparison with FMU 17A that was managed using conventional logging systems. The economic analysis includes revenue and operational cost of Sustainable Forest Management against conventional logging but also included analysis of the asset value of the residual forests. The results showed that Deramakot averaged 37% profit over costs and retained an asset value of double FMU 17A over a 10-year sample period. SFD earned higher revenue from royalty payments but extracted 10 times the timber volume of DFR that resulted in costs of RM 11 million for rehabilitation. Due to the over harvesting in FMU 17A there is no harvesting activities conducted since 2004 thus no continual revenue flow while Deramakot will continue to generate revenue annually.
Title : Training & Support Services
Dates : 2008 – Continual
Status : Completed
Client : Manufacturing Companies: Singapore (12); Malaysian Companies (8); Indonesia (4)
Description : GFS provided training and support for development of Chain of Custody systems to meet FSC & PEFC certification standards. All companies trained under the GFS TSS attained FSC & PEFC certification.
Title : Monitoring – Reduced Impact Logging – SFMLA
Dates : June 2010 – Dec 2014
Status : Completed Project
Client : Sabah Forestry Department – Sabah, Malaysia.
Description : The scope of this project covers continual monitoring of Harvest Planning (CHP development) and implementation of Reduced Impact Logging (RIL) based on the SFD guidelines for RIL and SFMLA terms and condition for logging & Sustainable Forest Management starting June 2010 until 31 Dec 2014.

  • Development of a standard checklist for CHP development and RIL implementation to be approved by SFD.
  • Monthly monitoring of licensed areas within SFMLA holders and subcontractors based on CHP development & RIL implementation.
  • Monthly Reporting of compliance to SFD along with recommendations for each CHP and for observed non-compliance to RIL implementation.
Title : Timber Flow Study – Cambodia
Dates : Aug 2013 – March 2014
Status : Completed Project
Client : EFI / EU FLEGT Facility
Description : The scope of this Project on understanding timber flows in Cambodia is to evaluate the timber supply chains in that includes production forests, plantations, conversion area from Economic Land Concessions that are sold into the domestic market or form part of the export market to neighbouring countries. The field study was planned from August through Oct 2013 in Phnom Penh, Mondulkiri, Koh Kong and Kratie & Sihanukville Provinces to evaluate timber supply and the systems used to document timber supplied to local industry and for export.
Title : Carbi Project – “Mitigation of international leakage through timber tracking and control” – Laos PDR
Dates : Dec 2012 – May 2013
Status : Completed – (Conflict in TOR)
Client : WWF Laos
Description : Trans-boundary trade will be evaluated at the checkpoints and shall endeavour to gain information and support from Vietnam customs officials. Information on timber supply from the defined project areas, pilot projects and the resulting trade flows to Vietnam will be evaluated to fulfil the project objectives.

  • Conduct an assessment of the cross-border timber trade from Laos to Vietnam in a comprehensive study that can provide a baseline for project monitoring
  • Analyze trade routes of timber from logging quotas linked to infrastructure development and land concessions in Sekong and Saravanh provinces including special quotas, infrastructure projects or land concessions that are either operational, approved or in (pre-)/feasibility stage.
  • Evaluate the current traceability system within the area of Houay Pen PFA under the Sekong 4 / coal mining exploration concession in Sekong Province. The on-going logging activities linked to the Sekong 4 hydropower and coal mining exploration projects offer the opportunity to recommend procedures for a “rapid traceability and inspection system” for timber harvested as an improved traceability system for infrastructure projects.
  • Evaluate training needs for national and local Government forest inspection staff and develop a training concept.
Title : Proposed Forest Restoration Investment Project – FMU 17A – Sabah, Malaysia.
Dates : April 2008 – December 2009
Status : Ongoing Development – Forest Investment Services
Client : Sabah Forestry Department / Private Investment Services
Description : The scope of this project was to develop an economically viable forest restoration model for severely degraded forest areas that will support continued revenue from degraded areas and assist in rehabilitating degraded areas. The project used the inventory data from Forest Research Center for FMU 17A that was deemed to be so degraded that logging would only be scheduled for after 20 years. The project identified approximately 11,000 ha for rehabilitation using fast growing local species that could be harvested within 15 years that would yield an estimated 12% annual return on investment. A viable carbon market could have supported an additional 5% increase in annual returns on investment.
Title : Timber Flow Study Laos PDR
Dates : Sept 2011 – March 2012
Status : Completed
Client : LTS / Indufor / EFI
Description : The scope of this Project on understanding timber flows in Laos is to evaluate the timber supply chains in Laos PDR includes production forests, plantations, conversion area from infrastructure projects that are sold into the domestic market or form part of the export market to neighbouring countries. The field study was conducted from August through November 2011 in Vientiane, Salavan, Xekong and Sayaboury & Luang Prabang Provinces to evaluate timber supply and the systems used to document timber supplied to local industry and for export.
Title : Independent Auditing of Sustainable Forest Management License Agreement
Dates : June 2009 – Dec 2011
Status : Completed
Client : Sabah Forestry Department / GIZ & Netherlands government
Description : GFS currently operates the FLEGT Timber Legality Assurance System (TLAS) for Sabah Malaysia since May 2009 supported by the Sabah Forestry Department and sponsored by GIZ of Germany. GFS evaluates legal compliance of 16 forest areas in Sabah Malaysia. GFS has facilitated the development of the field verification standard for legal compliance based on Sabah forestry regulations and the Sustainable Forest Management License Agreement (SFMLA). The project is currently beginning the 4th phase and has been extended to include 7 additional forest management units that will be completed in 2011. The key objective of the project is to develop and implement a field verification system for legal compliance as part of the FLEGT VPA (Voluntary Partnership Agreement) process. The VPAs are binding agreements that include a Timber Legality Assurance System (TLAS) to ensure that only timber harvested and processed in accordance with the legislation in force is exported to the EU market.
Title : Forestry Support Program – Burapha Agro-Forestry – Laos
Dates : June – May 2012
Status : Completed
Client : Swedfund International AB
Description : The scope of the project is to support the development of a plantation management system for Burapha Agroforestry concession in Location Laos along with selected smallholder suppliers under a group system for FSC Certification. The scope of the project includes:

  • Evauation of current management and COC system in plantation areas relevant to FSC requirements.
  • Training of staff for Burapha Agro-Forestry on the development of plantation management planning, High Conservation Value Forestry & social requirements in line with FSC requirements.
  • Support the development of Standard Operating Procedures for key activities and management system for Burapha plantations.
  • Support development of a monitoring system for operations, environment and social issues.
  • Management guidelines and agreement for small holder suppliers under FSC group scheme.
Title : Training – Chain of Custody – Burapha Agro-Forestry – Laos
Dates : Jan – March 2011
Status : Completed March 2011
Client : Swedfund International AB
Description : The scope of the project included:

  • Evaluation of current management system and policy and assist in developing procedures and documents to meet the FSC requirements.
  • Training of staff for Burapha Agro-Forestry (Laos) on the development of CoC system including purchasing, sales, warehousing and policy in line with FSC requirements.
  • Evaluation of CoC system implementation.
Title : Forestry Support Program – Ulu Kalumpang Forest Reserve – Sabah, Malaysia.
Dates : June 2009 – December 2010
Status : Completed
Client : Sabah Forestry Department
Description : The scope of this Project covered technical support for development of management planning and operational systems for Ulu Kalumpang, Mt. Wullersdorf, Madai Baturong, and Kalumpang Forest Reserves to meet the FSC Standard.

  • Technical support for collection of baseline data on forest resources, encroached areas HCVF & Social Assessments required for completion of the FMP.
  • Support for development of a system of communication & dispute resolution required for certification.
  • Support to identify & design potential carbon projects within degraded areas for rehabilitation.
  • Develop a forest management plan for the forest reserves.
  • Development of procedures for conservation management activities.
  • Development of monitoring systems for forest resources, environmental and social elements and forest activities.
Title : Training & Support Services – Chain of Custody for Laos Government – Laos
Dates : December 2009 – October 2010
Status : Completed
Client : SThe Nature Conservancy
Description : The scope of this Project was to facilitate the development of a Working Group from the Department of Forest Inspection (DOFI) and the Provincial Offices for Forest Inspection (POFI) in Laos PDR to produce a Green Paper on needed regulations regarding chain of custody system from the forest through processing till point of export. Proposed regulations would provide a clear framework for verification of timber and wood products that is compatible with trade based agreements and can meet international standards for legality of timber and manufactured wood products from Laos PDR.
Title : Global Conservation Standard – Carbon Credit & Support Program
Dates : November 2009 – December 2010
Status : Completed
Client : bioCarbon Consult – Germany
Description : The scope of this project was to support the development of international standard for forestry conservation and sequestration. GFS provided technical support for drafting the initial version of the Green Conservation Carbon Standard that was designed to recognise the importance of carbon conservation through the protection existing natural forest stands and monetize those values in the carbon market. The initial draft developed a system to quantify carbon values for conserving carbon in natural forests that included Standard Development; Project Registration; Project Validation; Project Monitoring.
Title : PT Perum Perhutani – Forestry Certification – Indonesia
Dates : January 2009 – October 2010
Status : Completed
Client : SGS Indonesia
Description : The scope of this project was to support the main assessment for Forest Certification of 5 management units of Perum Perhutani as part of the SGS assessment team. The assessment included evaluation for partial certification and compliance to the FSC policy of association.
Title : Sapulut Forest Reserve – Carbon Credit Support Program (CCSP)
Dates : October 2009 – March 2010
Status : Completed
Client : Sapulut Forest Development Sdn Bhd – Sabah, Malaysia.
Description : The scope of this project was to support the establishment of a forestry carbon project based on restoration of degraded forest land. The project went through 2 phases of the CCSP that included development of the project identification note (PIN) and evaluation of eligibility followed by phase 2 due diligence for project feasibility.
Title : FMU 17A – Forestry Support Program – Sabah, Malaysia.
Dates : April 2008 – December 2009
Status : Completed
Client : Sabah Forestry Department / The Nature Conservancy
Description : The scope of this project was to evaluate High Conservation Values for Tangkulap and Pinangah Forest Reserves (FMU 17A) including both environmental and social elements and to prepare a Forest Management Plan Sabah Malaysia. Training & Support for Development of Management to Meet FSC certification such as development of Forest Management Plan (FMP), Standard Operating Procedures (SOP), Monitoring reports and guidance on implementation of FMP and SOP, etc.
Title : Sabah Softwood Bhd – Training & Support Services
Dates : December 2008
Status : Completed
Client : Sasaran Sejahtera – Sabah, Malaysia.
Description : GFS provided training and support for Reduced Impact Logging of natural forest areas within Sabah Softwood Certified concession.
Title : Malua Forest Reserve – Forestry Support Program
Dates : January 2007 – May 2008
Status : Completed
Client : Sabah Forestry Department – Sabah, Malaysia
Description : GFS provided monitoring of Reduced Impact Logging (RIL) in Malua FR harvesting operations of over 27,000 ha. Developed RIL checklist and reporting framework, for RIL & Comprehensive Harvest Plans.
Title : Cambodia Project Due Diligence – Forestry Support Program
Dates : September – October 2008
Status : Completed
Client : Poyry
Description : The scope of the project is limited to an assessment of the High Conservation Values (HCVF) within five natural forest concession sites in northeastern Cambodia that are currently under conversion into teak plantations:

  • Great Wonder Agricultural DevelopmentCo Ltd – 10,000 ha
  • Asia World Agricultural Development – 14,480 ha
  • Grand Land Agricultural Development Co Ltd – 10,000 ha
  • Pelin Agricultural Development Co Ltd – 10,000 ha
  • Plantation Agricultural Development Co Ltd – 10,000 ha
Title : FMU 17C – Forestry Support Program – Sabah, Malaysia
Dates : June 2007 – May 2008
Status : Completed
Client : United Nations Development Program & Sabah Forestry Department
Description : Development & Capacity building for Forest Resources in Mangkuwagu FR involve HCVF, Social Survey & Impact Assessment, Negotiation & Communication Skills, Legal Issues & Occupation of FR by Local Communities, Agroforestry Management & Best Practices, Cottage Industry Studies and Marketing & Financial Management.
Title : Training FSC Certification – Forestry Support Program
Dates : February – December 2008
Status : Completed
Client : April Riau Pulp & Paper – Riau Sumatera, Indonesia
Description : Development of management planning and capacity building for APRIL Estates in Riau to be in line with FSC Principles & Criteria with the exception of criterion 10.9.
Title : Evaluation of GTW Management (Cambodia) for carbon offset program – Carbon Credit Support Program
Dates : November 2007
Status : Completed
Client : GTW Management (Cambodia) Co. Ltd
Description : Conducted the initial phase of the CCSP to identify the options for developing a carbon based project over 10,000 ha in Kratie Province of Cambodia and to carry out a baseline assessment for FSC certification.
Title : Berama Co Ltd – Forestry Support Program – Guyana, South America
Dates : October 2005 – November 2006
Status : Completed
Client : Samling Sdn Bhd
Description : Support development of a forest management system in line with FSC requirements.
Title : Greenheart Resources – Forestry Support Program – Suriname, South America
Dates : June – July 2006
Status : Completed
Client : Poyry
Description : Provide an Environmental Evaluation report on the Greenheart Resources Forestry Business to be carried out on the Suriname Concession. Carry out field inspections, collect information and hold discussions with relevant local agencies to develop a clear view as to the current status of the forest concession and the environmental issues which need to be considered in the investment process.
Title : Innovision (PNG) Ltd – Forestry Support Program – Papua New Guinea
Dates : November 2005 – June 2006
Status : Completed
Client : Innovision (PNG) Ltd
Description : Conducted a baseline assessment and action plan to support the development of a forest management system in line with FSC requirements.
Title : Case Study Sabah Forest Ownership – Forestry Support Program
Dates : June – August 2005
Status : Completed
Client : Food & Agriculture Organization – United Nations.
Description : GFS conducted a case study that looked at various topics related to forest tenureship in Sabah and the implications on the livelihoods of local native communities. It includes reviews of land ownership and forest tenure systems, land laws, native rights issues, community development, and poverty in Sabah.

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